Wallpaper History of Patterns


L’histoire des motifs

SKU: 143
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Who better than Bernard Jacqué, honorary curator of the Musée du Papier Peint in Rixheim, could share his erudite passion with us? The purpose of this book is twofold: to understand by whom and how the wallpaper was drawn for more than two centuries, as well as to present the evolution of the main motifs from the beginning of the 20th century, a period of rupture in this field.
From the beginning of its history, wallpaper was an industrial product produced in factories that could reach 500 workers at the end of the 18th century. Each year, several tens or hundreds of new designs are offered to customers. The staff usually consists of an artistic director, often a distinguished artist, his direct collaborators, draughtsmen and painters, then the crowd of little hands.
Workshops can be integrated into the factory or independent. The draftsman is a technician, not an artist. He certainly has talent, but must have above all his craft. He must master the “flat key” and the “setting to report” to be able to repeat the pattern throughout the roll without visible connection. He must know how to make an attractive decor while using only a few colors.
The study of ornaments constitutes the major part of the book. The motifs are often used by the craftsmen of the furniture or the textile: the cloth of Jouy and the silk of Lyon are a source of choice; The wallpaper makes it possible to imitate at low cost expensive textiles such as damask, silk, velvet and padding. The ornament of architecture and the arabesque, very used at the beginning of the wallpaper, were gradually replaced by antiquist motifs before being rejected in the twentieth century. All periods have been faithful to vegetable ornaments in ever-renewed forms: the flower can be stylized or, on the contrary, treated according to the fashion of an era.

The illustration is particularly abundant. The choice of motifs presented is based exclusively on the collections of the Rixheim Wallpaper Museum, in a period from the last decades of the eighteenth century to the 1900s, all accompanied by precise notes.

History of wallpaper motifs in the 18th and 19th centuries
Flower patterns from the 18th century
19th Century Flower Patterns
Motifs of textile inspiration of the eighteenth century
Textile-inspired motifs from the 19th century
Eighteenth-century ornamental motifs: arabesque
Ornamental motifs from the 19th century

Additional information


1600 g


31 × 24 cm

Date de sortie




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Type de reliure



Anglaise, Française


L’Histoire des motifs